As a part of the vitamin B complex, vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin.
However, vitamin B12 is unique among all the water-soluble vitamins in that it is not excreted quickly in the urine.
Rather, vitamin B12 is accumulated and stored in the liver, kidney,and other body tissues.
As a consequence of this storage factor of vitamin B12,a deficiency in this vitamin may not be apparent, until after five or six years of diet with inadequate supply.
Another reason for the uniqueness of vitamin B12 lies in the fact that only smaller amounts of this vitamin is required and the body already makes full use of it.
For instance,ten micrograms of B12 spread over a day seems to be able to provide adequate supply for the body to use.
The vitamin b12 is just one of the essential B vitamins that are required to maintain a healthy body and mind.
Cobalamin is the alternative name for vitamin B12 owing to the fact that it contains the metal,cobalt.
The body needs vitamin b12 for a number of assorted processes as well as converting the fats, carbohydrates and proteins from all food that is consumed into energy.
One of the most significant processes that the b12 vitamin is essential for is to create healthy red blood cells.
The prevention of heart disease relies on the production of healthy blood cells and therefore the b12 vitamin is crucial.
The b12 vitamin is also vital for keeping the immune system functioning at its maximum effectiveness.
And that is not all,the vitamin b12 also works to form the defensive cover of all the nerve cells in the body.
The yielding of red blood cells is not the only type of cells that the b12 vitamin is essential for.
As a matter of fact, all of the cells in the body do require the b12 vitamin,including white blood cells and nerve cells.
The white blood cells are a significant part of the immune system and without the b2 vitamin the effectiveness of the immunity of the body to germs and viruses is heavily reduced.
The nerve cells need the b12 vitamin to create the fatty layer that will safeguard them from damage.
The brain cells are specifically open to disease and damage if there is not enough b12 vitamin present to form this protective layer.
Despite the fact that vitamin b12 is involved in so many important processes,the actual recommended daily amount that a body needs is quite tiny.
The reality is that,the greater number of people consume much more of the b12 vitamin than their body actually requires.
The main issue is that the body finds it difficult to absorb the b12 vitamin very easily and has to produce its own aid to the process.
The central factor is that,the body produces help to absorb the b12 vitamin that it needs from food, but this still amounts to only half of the total vitamin B12 available.
A deficiency in the b12 is exceptionally rare in most people and is made even less likely for the simple reason that the body can recycle the b12 vitamin that it has already absorbed.
A small group of people may develop anaemia due to a lack of b12 vitamin in their diet.
Younger children often have a problem getting a sufficient amount of the b12 vitamin for the reason that they may be tremendously fussy eaters,and it is important to encourage them to eat as wide a variety of foods as possible.
This is not only the case with the b12 vitamin but is true for all essential vitamins and minerals.
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