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Anxiety can be defined as emotions which are typically negative in nature. It will in most cases consist of fear and worry, and some organisms may even experience physical signs such as nausea or chest pains. Anxiety is a complex emotion, and is composed of a variety of different elements. Some of these elements are somatic or cognitive, and the body will prepare itself to deal with an external threat. The heart rate speeds up, and the blood pressure is increased. The various muscles in the body will also receive elevated levels of blood. At the same time, the functions of the digestive system will slow down.
People who have anxiety will generally have a sense of dread. A number of voluntary and involuntary processes will take place in the body, and the goal of these processes is to get the organism away from the source that is causing it to have anxiety. Anxiety is an important emotion, and is designed to increase the survival rate of organisms. In humans it appears that anxiety comes from the hippocampus and amygdala, two regions of the brain. When a person senses bad odours or tastes, there will be a large amount of blood flow which will be present in the amygdala.
The evidence also shows that medium levels of anxiety will be present in this situation as well. Based on these studies, it appears that anxiety is designed to keep humans and other organisms from eating food or objects that may be harmful to their well being. While anxiety is normal, a person that has excessive amounts of it may have what is called an anxiety disorder. In extreme cases, people with anxiety disorders may have strong cases where they are terrorized.
Anxiety disorders are broken down into phobias, panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorders, and obsessive compulsive disorders. Someone who is suffering from a phobia will have an abnormal amount of fear of a specific object or situation. People who have phobias tend to have extensive imaginations, and realize that their fear is often irrational. When a person suffers from a panic disorder, they will have extreme panic attacks, and may have dizziness or breathing problems.
These attacks will typically reach their height in about 10 minutes. Generalized anxiety disorders are common, and effect a much larger portion of the population. It is prevalent in both men and woman, and is characterized by long periods of anxiety that are not related to any specific object or situation. With the obsessive compulsive disorder, the individual with have an obsession or compulsion when it comes to specific types of behavior.
People who suffer from this disorder will see the need to do something obsessively in order to reduce their anxiety. Many people who have this disorder need to be extremely clean, and are afraid of germs. To reduce their anxiety, they will wash their hands numerous times in a single day. There are two primary methods that are used to help those who are suffering from anxiety, and this is either therapy or prescription medications.
What Is An Anxiety Attack? If you have ever suffered from an anxiety attack, you know it. Your heart seems to be leaping out of your chest and you feel as though you are crawling out of your skin. Your skin feels cold and clammy, you are trembling and even shaking. Your thoughts are jumbled and you may even have trouble breathing or swallowing. You feel as though you are a prisoner of your mind, and you are.
About 20 percent of the population will, at one time in their life, suffer from an anxiety attack. Many people who end up having an anxiety attack wind up in the hospital emergency room, convinced that they are having a heart attack. Many of the anxiety attack symptoms are similar to that of a heart attack, although heart attacks do not generally present with heart palpitations. You will notice that something is wrong. Many people feel little sympathy for those who have anxiety and feel that they should just “snap out of it.”
What most do not realize is that anxiety disorders cause anxiety attacks and they are very real. Someone can no more snap out of an anxiety attack than they can a broken leg. Our bodies are trained to react in a certain way when we feel under a great deal of stress or face life threatening situations. But sometimes, the brain chemicals are unbalanced, giving us the sensation that there is something wrong, although in reality, there isn’t. Our bodies then search for a way to come up within something to justify the feelings we are having.
Many people who have frequent anxiety attacks have obsessive compulsive disorder. In such cases, people will have intrusive thoughts that will bother them to the point that they repeat rituals. Frequent hand washing is one of the rituals often repeated by someone with obsessive compulsive disorder. An anxiety attack is our body’s reaction to stress. The stress is usually something that occurs environmentally. Most people who have anxiety attacks do so after a stressful event in their lives.
They often come after the death of a loved one, divorce or loss of a job. Someone who suffers more than one anxiety attacks is habitually diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. The anxiety disorder can be a number of different disorders including general anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, social disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder. Most of the symptoms are similar to one another and the treatment for these symptoms is also very similar.
Anti-anxiety medication is usually combined with an anti-depressant as well as therapy to combat anxiety attacks. While anxiety attacks can be very scary and even crippling to a point, they can also be treated in a number of different ways, including medication, therapy and even herbal treatments. While an anxiety attack is not a life threatening illness, it can end up causing havoc in your life if you do not get some treatment.