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Marketing research: Implementing a research is essential to understand the pattern of marketing. This is feasible by searching existing intelligence related to business marketing. It is a form of business research, business-to-business marketing research and business marketing research. Marketing research is done in many forms and all these forms are known as problem-identification research.
Research in advertising is done to determine the copy testing of advertisements. It is also used to know the efficiency of ads placed in any medium, the customer attention it gets, the message it delivers and how it motivates the customers to buy the product. Commercial eye tracking is done to understand the visual behavior of the customer. Ads, websites, etc., are analyzed for this.
Marketing Research - Qualitative
Before an advertisement is released in the market, its performance can be forecasted with the help of copy testing which takes consumer’s level of attention, motivation, brand liking, and entertainment into consideration. When a customer buys something online he analyses it in order to make the decision, this is one of the criteria on which consumer decision research is done.
Interviews and surveys can be done to understand consumer’s level of satisfaction, which is known as customer satisfaction studies. The demographic and psychology of the people of a particular geographical region can be studied with the help of segmentation research. When analyzing is to be done about brand recognition, brand performance, brand preference and awareness, ad tracking is done.
A favorite brand can be recognized with the help of brand equity research. Tests are conducted so as to determine what the customer thinks about a brand or a product and it is specifically known as brand name testing. The demand of a product can be understood by demand estimation. After the demand of the product is taken care of, the quality should be checked from time to time. Appointing mystery shoppers who is usually an employee of the market research firm does this. He buys goods through a salesperson and notes down the whole experience.
This procedure can be used to do research about rival companies’ products. Before practical application of a concept, concept testing should be done which tells whether the targeted audience will like the idea or not. Test marketing is done by introducing a product in small numbers in the market and observing the sales, after which the product is launched on a large-scale. Following the initial phase, when the company thinks of increasing the price of the product, price elasticity testing should be carried out which shows customer reaction to price fluctuations.
Distribution channel audits are conducted to understand the attitudes of
retailers and distributors towards specific products and brands. The more tech savvy form of marketing research is Internet strategic intelligence. The likes and dislikes of the customers can be directly known with the help of chats, blogs and forums.
Marketing Research - Media
Online panels are a group of experts who take on the marketing research done online. All the researches that are carried out can be classified as primary research, which gathers original research, and secondary research, which is based on a primary research and information published by other resources. Secondary research costs less as research is done on already researched data, but the result isn’t efficient. The research designs used by marketing research are either based on questioning or are based on observations.
Quantitative marketing research and qualitative marketing research are based on questioning. Quantitative marketing research is done to derive conclusions like questionnaires, forms and survey. The number of respondents involved is high.
Qualitative marketing research is done to understand something like in-depth interviews and projective techniques. Marketing research based on observations is called experimental technique and ethnographic studies. Test markets and purchase laboratories are examples of experimental techniques. The quantity measured is determined by understanding the factors that are responsible for the success of a product and then one or some of the factors are changed and the result is further observed.
In ethnographic studies, observations are done longitudinally or done at
several instances of time or cross-sectional, or done at only a
particular time. Research on marketing is similar to exit polling in politics. The market is studied from different angles, at different times, and under different circumstances.
Getting feedback from customers is crucial for a business owner.
Marketing Research - Quantitative
Be it to find out how customers feel about your services or products. Qualitative research is done to investigate the marketplace if you seek an in-depth information with regards to your potential and existing customers. This as a rule entails asking questions that answer who, what, when, where, why and how, so you can gather information that would help you develop and certainly improve your business. As social media provides an active platform for consumers and potential customers to connect, you can benefit by conducting your qualitative market research on it.
Monitor social media sites for mentions of your product, services or brand, while keeping the goal of your qualitative research in mind. Social media sites typically have search functions, so you can search through previously published data. Identify the type of information you would like to gather through your market research.
Marketing Research - Focus
Make a decision with regards to feedback from people who fit your target market profile, if that is what you require. This might include your existing customers, past customers or a group who fit into specific segments. The selection of relevant questions for the audience is crucial, as that in turn would yield the appropriate answers.
This ultimately will help you to accurately compile your research and determine how to apply the qualitative market research to your business. It is also very valuable to determine what type of social media that members of your target audience are engage in to communicate their opinions. Making use of LinkedIn status or a post on your company blog, might be a good starting point to acquire qualitative market research, if indeed you offer a service to businesses.
Alternatively, sites such as Facebook or Twitter are good to solicit feedback in real time, or video marketing if you offer a service to consumers. Put into action your qualitative market research using the social media platform that is for the most part appropriate. A vital point is to keep a keen eye on social media sites for mentions of your product, services or brand, while keeping the focus of your qualitative research in mind. In general, Social media sites have search functions, this makes it easy to search through previously published data.
Social media such as Twitter LinkedIn Facebook, blogs, peer advice forums, fan groups, have all grown to be a popular resource for secondary research, prior to investing in primary qualitative research. A large amount of researchers often discover social media to be a valuable initial point for identifying trends and understanding how consumers express ideas. A variety of methods, such as text analytics and discourse analysis, are being used to gain insights.
Marketing Research - Demographic
CONDUCTING MARKET RESEARCH Social media can help you listen to what your customers have to say about your products or services. By tracking what they click on and what they avoid, you can see what your customers like and are responding to. People will share their thoughts and opinions on social media websites, so you can use the information to your advantage. Information shared through social media can be quite rich, since the individuals who have a say are for most part highly engaged, interested, and in a number of cases “influencers.”