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What causes acne. Firstly, it must be stressed that an exact cause of acne is unidentified. In spite of the countless research that has been made, there has not been one thing in particular, that has ever been isolated as the main cause for the development of acne. With that in mind,doctors and researchers have at least come to some conclusions as to what kind of risk factors are involved, and more importantly, contribute to the development of acne. There are some researchers that claim the primary causes are hormones and genetics, but this simply cannot account for every case. In some cases, factors such as medication, types of cosmetics,and some aspects of personal hygiene (i.e. methods of cleansing skin) are more likely to create the conditions for acne’s formation. The environment too can be a catalyst. Individuals working with chemicals or people exposed to oils and greases, have a greater chance of getting acne since the materials themselves can clog pores.
Hormones With the start of puberty, the human body begins to produce hormones called androgens, or male sex hormones,which increases in both boys and girls. These androgens cause the swelling and over stimulation of the sebaceous glands which are located in the hair follicles or pores of the skin. The extra sebum or oil that the sebaceous glands produce, mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria on the skin's surface and this blocks pores. Within the blocked pore, the bacteria multiply and cause inflammation. This in turn leads to the lesions that are associated with acne. The most common sufferers of acne are teenagers, and that is purely because of the hormonal fluctuations that are associated with puberty.
Current statistics illustrate nearly 85% of people between the ages of 13 and 25 will develop acne. A further essential point to note is that, the hormonal changes associated with menopause, pregnancy and the menstrual cycle, have been revealed to be culprits in the creation of acne. Some women who are either starting or concluding their usage of birth control, have been inflicted with acne, due to the hormonal fluctuations. Fluctuations in the hormones of adults, both men and women, can cause spikes in the production of sebum in the sebaceous glands. This opens wide the range of those susceptible to acne, due to hormonal changes.
Genetics Another factor is genetics or heredity. Researchers now believe that the tendency to develop acne can be inherited from parents. Links have been found between those suffering from acne and the presence of acne in their family history, through numerous researches. It has to be pointed out,acne is not an inherited disease,at least not in the medical sense of the word. Nonetheless, it is also true that acne is much more prevalent in children of parents who have had or still have acne than those who do not. With research is still ongoing, there is no doubt, researchers will keep on yielding new results, and perhaps, deeper genetic causes might be uncovered.
Other Factors - Medication The side effects of certain medications can cause acne. Examples can include:certain forms of steroids, lithium,barbiturates,anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medication.
Heavy or oily costmetics Cosmetics, in certain cases, can affect the structure of hair follicles and lead to over-production of sebum, which turns to clog the pores.
Over-abrasive cleansing Abrasive facial products can cause the skin to dry out, but also cause the body to overproduce sebum to compensate. The use of harsh exfoliators can impair existing spots and spread infection.
Flare Up Factors A number of other factors which can cause existent acne to flare up and create more problems are listed below. The picture of acne hopefully ,becomes clearer,as we obtain a greater understanding of the causes and elements that make this disorder such an uncomfortable and inconvenient ailment.
Pressure From Tight clothing Backpacks Helmets Or Hats Constant pressure against the skin, as in the context when wearing hats, helmets, or in a case when a backpack is pushing down against shoulders, then the potential for irritation and acne breakouts are imminent. When wearing tight clothing, the friction or pressure affecting the pores can cause acne to flare up.
Environmental irritants Any individual who works in the same surroundings as a mechanic, or in a factory,comes in contact with certain chemicals present in such environments. These can actually cause acne flare-ups. Oils,for instance, when brought in contact with skin over a long period can clog up pores,or at least irritate the skin. Pollution can have similar effect upon the skin, clogging pores and creating infections.
Heavy scrubbing of skin Picking or squeezing whiteheads or blackheads,can cause the infection to move deeper into the skin and will lead to scarring.
Diet While no foods actually have been linked to the cause of acne, it is proven that certain foods can be responsible for acne flare-ups.